Sunday, July 31, 2005

Schools of Thought

The recent hulabaloo on Cristobal's article led me to a conclusion that there exist two schools of thought pervaiding Philippine Librarianship today. One school of thought is the complacent and traditional idea that librarians are docile professionals who do their work quietly in the library. Librarians who hold this belief are aware of the issues and problems that beset the profession and they appear to accept this lot as a matter of course. It's the life that librarians lead.

The other school of thought is the integrative and action oriented idea that librarians are key players in the organization, creation and communication of information, concepts and knowledge. Librarians who adhere to this philosophy think of solutions to better the profession. They assert their important role as collaborators to stake holders of the school, the academe and the leaders in their institution and organization. They articulate the valuable contributions that their libraries and information centers can offer and provide the community. In this changing world of technology and information, librarians are indispensable professionals.

Cristobal must have met many a librarian who believe in the first school of thought. Too bad, he has yet to meet the "other" kind.

Friday, July 29, 2005

Useless Again

I could not let this rest, in fact, I am still fresh from last night's post. Bugsy's comment from my post last night summed up what Cristobal's point was. To quote Bugsy, "He was complaining about the government's lack of attention and interest to public libraries" and it was terribly wrong to compare the 105 accredited librarians to 101 dalmatians. If there is anything that Cristobal must do, he must publicly apologize to librarians for this comparison. He has insulted many a Filipino librarian, more so, the laws that governing the professionalization of librarians in the Philippines.

It is enoughto say that public libraries lack the support of local government. To say that librarians are useless in this case is downright inhuman. PLAI should do something about this writer's lack of sensitivity.

On the otherhand, I am firm on my stand that librarians should muster all their courage and rise above the challenges they encounter. Vonjobi, the Filipino Librarian wrote about lack of leadership among librarians. I agree with him. I share his observations. Teachers of LIS should review the course offerings and look at the strategies, techniques and approach on delivering instruction. School librarians should focus their attention on programs that impact instruction, likewise, deliver and provide library services that support the curricular and developmental needs of their clients. Public librarians should be resourceful -- raising funds, looking for sponsors, seeking donations to develop their collection and services are important tasks. Academic and research librarians should do something about the studies and reaserch they have in their "treasure chest". Share the wealth! Let's use ICT to reach our goals and objetcives. It's not just about organizing and maintaning teh collection anymore.

Wake up! Rise! Let's smell the coffee!

If you support libraries, literacy, books and learning, feel free to give your suggestions on this issue. It may be a way that will help us "educate" the likes of Cristobal, or means on improving Philippine librarianship in general.

Have a wonderful weekend.

Thursday, July 28, 2005

105 'useless' librarians

There is this revolting article by Adrian Cristobal in the Manila Bulletin Online that I kept on reading and reading. I'm trying to understand his point and intention for writing the article. Good thing that I read the Filipino Librarian's post on the same issue before reacting. Well, I don't really get mad. I get even.

It is in the Opinion section of the online daily, so that gives readers enough room to respond. So this is how I make of his arrogant article.

Cristobal proclaims that the Administration (GMA's of course, but sometimes I think that she is a mere puppet of the kapre) will never succeed in "educating" the people on the importance and necessity of Charter Change because, the people has no access to the printed word. The people rely on TV for information on congressional investigations and the SONA.

From this vantage point, I am slowly beginning to construct my understanding of his views though I find it brimming with sarcasm. The people won't be able to critically think on the advantages and disadvantages of Charter Change because, "What they see on the idiot box is more revealing than a thousand words". The Filipino would rather watch TV and base their judgment from canned and scripted presentations of facts. Broadcast media may be able to persuade, convince and motivate the people but it takes an intelligent reader to analyze what the visual representations of facts and truths are really all about. Sitting in front of the TV, watching things happen does not challenge a person to think critically, but READING the printed word is empowering.

In Cristobal's lament on budget cuts, that books are always the first to be sacrificed reflects the Filipino government's crooked priorities. Our government never put a high premium on education. Generally speaking, we don't have a reading culture and investment on learning and the pursuit of knowledge and wisdom is beyond us. How can we, as a people, critically and intelligently ponder on Charter Change?

Libraries as scholarly bastions and laboratories of learning is an alien concept. No one reads, after all. If there are, those belong to the intellectual elite who make up a small portion of the populace. So, what use are Philippine libraries? What use are librarians who work in libraries?

I'm not blaming my fellow librarians, not at all. There are librarians out there who have contributed to the growth of the profession. But you see, a snarky, mean, arrogant writer like Christobal claims that librarians are useless because, librarians, you, me, all of us - we have allowed it to be so. Cristobal's article is actually a wake up call. It prompts me to reflect and ask so many questions.

Philippine Librarianship is aching for reforms. Philippine Librarianship is thristing for changes in paradigms and practices. Can we look at the history of Philippine librarianship and see what impact have we made in nation building? How did we, as professionals contribute to learning, literacy and the promotion of culture and the arts? What are we doing now to make a difference in our respective institutions and in the lives of those we interact with? Have we gone beyond seminars and fellowships? What of the research and studies that students of LIS and MLIS finish every year? Do we have realistic standards that upgrades and lifts our profession?

I don't know. I don't have all the answers.

But my vision is to see Filipino librarians who are proactive, visible, assertive committed and courageous. We can only do that, if we are united, if we share common goals, if we respect each other, if we are objective at dealing with issues. We need to be leaders. And we need to look at ourselves first to make the change.

I will do just that. Tomorrow, as my school celebrates the feast of St. Ignatius of Loyola, I will look at myself and examen my conscience. Am I useless or usefull?

Storytelling Contest For College Students

Alitaptap Storytellers Philippines had its 1st Inter-Collegiate Storytelling Contest last July 24, 2005 at The National Library. It was attended by KUTINGs, INKies and literacy advocates.

The fact that the contest happened at TNL, and that it was supported by Dir. Nani Cruz are good signs. Libraries are instrumental to the promotion of culture and the arts.

Alitaptap Storytellers Philippines congratulates the winners of
Masarap Ikuwento ang Nabasang Libro
The First Inter-College Storytelling Competition

Held last July 24, 2005
at the National Library Auditorium

Jay Galang
Centro Escolar University
Tiktaktok at Pikpakbum

1st Runner-up
Ma. Luisa Senense
Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila
Ang Itim na Kuting

2nd Runner-up
Joel Cortez
Asian College of Arts and Sciences
Dindo Pundido

Special Citations

Justin Cebrian
Ateneo de Manila University
Ang Bata sa Basket

Phebe Panganiban
Polytechnic University of the Philippines
Ang Batang Ayaw Maligo

Wednesday, July 27, 2005

Technology Bytes!

I made a presentation about the proposed Xavier School E-Learning Framework seminar to our school's Middle Level Administrators yesterday. This is in consonance to the school's initiative to strengthen ICT integration in teaching and instruction. As the point person in the Grade School, it is my task to bridge technology to teachers. The MLA's or Subject Coordinators should be the first to know on trends such as this.

While they found the E-Learning an enriching experience, one where teachers and students can benefit from, they expressed a need that I myself have overlooked.

Two years ago, we had a training session on Web Enhanced Teaching (WET). The product of that training gave teachers the confidence to tweak and tinker with technology. In time, some teachers became competent PowerPoint makers. A good number of them employ strategies in using websites in teaching. I have witnessed teachers who used yahoogroups to enhance lessons. Our school website became the venue for publishing students works. But, there are still areas to improve on like, the selection of age appropriate websites; making PowerPoint presentations more interactive; involving students to web activities that allow them to construct their knowledge; using a variety of instructional technology and ICT to specific learning needs; and, the clamor to fortify sound reading skills.

Whew! Overwhelming, indeed.

I can only think of tracing back the steps. What needs to be done is to pick up from where we left off after WET. Perhaps, an evaluation of the existing technology infrastructure is a must. Likewise, the inventory of ICT integration skills among teachers is another. To make these manifest requires the support of educational leaders. Another force to contend with?

The MLA's also echoed the technical preparations and requirements necessary to make E-Learning successful. So it turned out that our committee still has a lot to work on.

Technology bytes (got the pun?), but it doesn't really hurt.

Monday, July 25, 2005

Just Having Fun

Your Birthdate: August 15

With a birthday on the 15th of any month, you are apt to have really strong attachments to home, family and domestic scene.

The 1 and 5 equaling 6, provide the sort of energy that makes you an excellent parent or teacher.

You are very responsible and capable.

This is an attractive and an attracting influence.

You like harmony in your environment and strive to maintain it.

You tend to learn by observation rather than study and research.

You may like to cook, but you probably don't follow recipes.

This number shows artistic leanings and would certainly support an talents that may be otherwise in your makeup.

You're a very generous and giving person, but perhaps a bit stubborn in ways.

Pinoy Teachers Network

There is a new e-community in the Internet put together by Pinoy teachers. If you are a Pinoy and a teacher (retired, practicing or in a professional in the field of education) you're free to join! Click here for more info.

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Friday, July 22, 2005

Helping Out

Everytime I get invited to give talks, seminars and workshops, be it national or international inivites, I sieze this opportunity and work out a schedule that is benign to my work in Xavier School. It is my way of helping out my fellow librarians in particular and advocating literacy development in general. There is a lot to be done for the improvement of Philippine School Librarianship that I could not afford to sit on the fence and watch the whole world change before my eyes. For school libraries to be left behind in the development and implementaion of new paradigms is a reflection of the values and priorities of our educational system.

I feel I had to be there in the evolution, creation and communication of ideas and skills because as a school librarian, I believe I am a TEACHER too. It would be a dream come true if one day, school librarians are recognized as equal partners of teachers. To accomplish the dream is a herculean task. When I get to this part, the dream beocmes a nightmare.

Thank God that there are NGO's and foundations who are committed to helping libraries. One of these is the Children's Library of the Gokongwei Brothers Foundation. I congratulate the The Children's Library for all their support to school libraries, especially, the ones in public schools. The TCL sponsors an annual seminar-workshop for school librarians. They had their 5th seminar workshop yesterday at Holiday Inn, Galeria. I was one of the resource persons invited. And I consider this an honor.

I hope that the participants get to impelement what they learned from the seminar-workshop. It is in trying to do one's best that things change for the better. Interacting with the paricipants was also a learning expereince for me. Now I have ideas and proposals to present to PBBY when we meet in August.

Thursday, July 21, 2005

The 22nd National Children's Book Day by the Philippine Board On books For Young People

I'm in between deadlines the past few days. Plus, I'm rushing a PowerPoint presentation for my lecture at the Holliday Inn later at 1:00 p.m. I had to make a MAJOR revision in my paper yesterday so this post will be very brief. I hope you enjoy pictures, though.


I have taken my oath of allegiance to PBBY's vision, mission and goals. Shaking hands with National Artist Rio Alma is one of the many perks of the job.

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Rio Alma awards Nikki Dy-Liacco, grand prize winner of this year's Salanga Prize for her story "The Yellow Paper Clip with Bright Purple Spots". Meann Nicodime won the Alcala Prize for best illustrations.

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What is National Children's Book Day without kids?

I was flabbergasted when I received Nolo Silayan's letter about being elected as sectoral representative for librarians. I know that there are wiser librarians out there, more experienced in the field who wear their battle scars proud. Instead, the PBBY opted to take in a green horn. I'll just do my damn best.

This is as close I can get to winning a Salanga. Being in the board forfeits my chances. Oh well, I (might) get to judge entries next year!

Monday, July 18, 2005

Proud Potterite

Yes. Yes. Yes. I'm a Harry Potter freak. I once organized a Battle of the Wizards activity in our school. I came to school that day of the finals wearing a blue and gold wizard costume. My coteachers thought me crazy, but I don't mind. I had to be Madame Pince with the British accent. My grade 5 students loved me to bits! Other than gaining their fondness and respect (You just have to trust kids, you know. They don't mind seeing the humorous side of their teachers. In fact, it made me real to them. They do perceive teachers as boring who lead uneventful lives. They have no idea!), I realized that fantasy and science fiction are genres they devoured!

That was three years ago. My boys are now grown teen agers battling peer pressure and beastly hormonal changes. Those who joined the contest back then are writing for the school paper and attending advanced classes in junior year. I bet, that like me, they have copies of HP 6 bought or reserved already. I can now imagine what my late night IM discussions would be. I'm sure we would be talking about Harry, Ron and Hermione like they live next door, like they are people you get to see every day at Starbucks Ashcreek for a dose of mocha or frap and engage in trivial conversations.

Ahhh...magic indeed.


This morning, I made an announcement during assembly about the Scholastic HP Book Sale in our library. Our friends in Scholastic relaunched the book in Xavier School. They were so nice to sponsor the HP Contest for our grade schoolers. They will be selling the book at a discounted price until the 22nd of the month.

I laud the efforts of my colleagues, Oyet and Baby, for cooking up this collaborative project. I'm equally glad that my boss stamped the seal of approval on this activity and endorsed it to the principal. Such an endeavor says a lot at the kind of library Xavier School has.

It's about time that school libraries support and collaborate with publishing houses and book jobbers in a more productive means to promote reading and literacy. The school library should never be alone in the campaign for literacy development. The publishing house should likewise, extend their marketing arm to where children are more often can be found - in schools. Provided that dealings are clean and transparent, libraries and publishing houses working together adds a powerful punch to reading campaigns.

This one is for you, Filipino Librarian! I know you are in mourning, but remember, that in our deepest sorrows will rise a glorious redemption.

Sunday, July 17, 2005

IASL Conference ( A Continuation )

I'm back in Manila and for the past few days I have been busy preparing for echoing, aside from smoothing out some series of unexpected events in my life. Life is really a box of chocolates.

Anyway, apart from the pleasurable tour of The Hong Kong University Museum of Art and a Cantonese Primary School near Stanley, there are four paper presentations that I sat in during the last few days of the conference that I find relevant and interesting. These were presentations by Diane Mackenzie, Ross Todd, Dana Dukic and Pru Mitchell.

Dianne Mackenzie gave a workshop, actually, on managing web resources. Although I have a very good idea on how I would put together valued web resources for my students and teacher clients, her workshop is one where I can learn a lot from. And I did. She provided very useful sites to help both teachers and students.

In my case, I am more comfortable with blogs therefore, my desire to improve mine as well as the GS LRC's is very strong. To do this entails so much time and effort. At the back of my mind, I realized that we (Pinoy School Librarians) have not really experimented on the full potential of the Internet to improve library and information services. Our academic counterparts may have gone way ahead of us, but we have gone only as far as using a telescope in cyber space. We have not taken off , yet.

Pinoy School Librarians may be busy with ICT's and library automation, but to use ICT's to create, manage and share knowledge is still left to be desired. We're still hampered by traditional roles that somehow does not answer realistic needs of our clients in the school.

Ross Todd's research paper was very impressive. I used to just read him in SLJ. Last week, I was a witness to a current research he did with Carol Kuhlthau. He said that he will be visiting Manila sometime in March - April. I think he was refering to the CONSAL. Again, the premise that school librarians must be active participants in student learning was drummed up so well that I am inspired to replicate a similar research with in the context of the Philippine educational system. Ambitious! I know. But seriously, I still have to finish my MLIS. *wink*

Pru Mitchell from the Australian Association of School Librarians shared the standards that their organizations had drawn up. Two things caught my attention from their standards - one, they (Aussie Teacher Librarian)took the initiative to develop it before the ministry of Education did and two - the standards were all descriptors of what a an excellent school librarian must be. (I will post another entry on this since I have plenty to say about this topic)

And then, there was Dana Dukic research on the reading strategies of HK Primary grades students when choosing books for recreatory reading. The room was full! That only goes to show how READING remains to be an important skill that school librarians are concerned with. In her research, she mentioned the different strategies involved when reading print and electronic resources. Mothers, teachers and friends play a role in their strategy for choosing recreatory reading materials. The knowledge of literary genre also scores a high percentage.

I have to agree with the research recommendation that for primary grades students to build on more sophisticated reading strategies, Information Literacy Skills Programs must be strengthened. Again, I will post another entry on this so I suggest you visit more often.

Till next post!

Tuesday, July 12, 2005

Yan ang Pinay Series - The Pinay In Philippine Children's Literature

Filipinos are all familiar with Mar's Ravelo's "komiks" hero, Darna. My mother's generation saw Vilma Santos portraying the role in the movies during the mid 70's. I saw Nannete Medved and Sharon Cuneta essay the role in the 90's. Pinoy kids these days are watching Angel Locsin fight the bad guys and the nasty female villains in Pinoy national TV. Generations of Pinoys have their versions of the movie/TV Darna and we can't help but compare how different their personalities are. Each actress bring something new to this comic book character that has evolved into a modern metaphor for the Filipina.

For Pinoy writer and poet, Edgar Samar, Darna is your typical OCW - a domestic helper based in Hong Kong.


Samar wrote the story, "Uuwi na ang Nanay kong si Darna", as an entry to the Alfredo Salanga Writing Competition. Sponsored by the Philippine Board on Books for Young people, it won him the prestigious award in 2002.

I've used his story in several storytelling gigs in public and barangay libraries. The children warmed up to his story. They're fascinated by the image of a simple domestic helper, a mother and wife, whose only power is love. And with that, she can do great things. Truly, the Pinay who works abroad either as DH or one who has a more "respectable" job is a hero in our midst.

Leaving the comforts of home and facing the barriers in language and culture for the sake of the family's well being is a courageous decision. This is not to say that those who chose to stay are less brave. Driven by circumstances, we make decisions for the benefit of our loved ones and those we care for. Working abroad and being a DH at that is not something to be ashamed of.

There is dignity in labor. This is a premise that Samar effectively worked on his story. The boy character, Pipoy, has a mother who works as a Pinay domestic helper who cleans and looks after other people. Others may have lucrative jobs and employment, but his mother takes on a job, lowly as some may see it, but just as important so others may continue to partake in the global work force. In the end, his mother has shown him what great power she has. To know what it is, I suggest you go to your public library or local bookstore and get a copy. It's worth your time and snack money!

Monday, July 11, 2005


Because National Children's Book Day would be next week, here is a cornucopia of good news from KUTING - Kwentista ng mga Tsikiting. Thanks to Carla PAcis who posted this information in the Kuting egroup.

Augie Rivera's book "Elias and His Trees" recieved glowing reviews from Neni Sta. Romana Cruz and Ralph S. Galan in today's Philippine Daily Inquirer. She writes that Elias "is bound join the gallery of such heroes (as Johnny Appleseed and Paul Bunyan)"

Our very own Zarah Gagatiga has been voted Librarians representive in the PBBY.

Reni Roxas Singer and I have been askd by the National Children's Book Development Board of Singapore, organizers of the Asian Children's Writers and Illustrator's Conference to speak at the conference in Nov. this year. Reni will be speaking on children's book publishing in the Philippines while I will be speaking on YA Literature in the Philippines. Part of my lecture is from my intro to Bagets anthology.

Bagets anthology is all done and ready to submit to the UP Press!

PBBY has a new project that will push Filipino children's literature to the forefront. Locally published children's stories will be read on DZAS by radio personalities. The authors will also be interviewed by our very own Dr. Luis Gatmaitan. The first stories to be read are, of course, the PBBY Winners.
The first 4 authors to be interviewed were Edgar Samar, Grace Chong, Russell Molina and myself. Luis, Bing of CCP, Grace and myself trekked all the way to the DZAS station in Karuhatan, Valenzuela. Russell backed out at the last minute due to an emergency engagement. Edgar was the pilot episode and his spiel was recorded earlier.

DZAS AM has a large following as well as their sister station DZFE FM, the classical station. They are Christinan based and have no sponsors/commercials.

IASL Conference 3rd Day

Ok. First things first. Just some corrections.

I want to keep the record straight. In my last entry, I mentioned that The IASL Conference was my first international conference. Actually, I have been to the Asian Storytelling Congress in Singapore in 2002 as a workshop facilitator and to the IFLA/UNESCO Seminar Workshop in Bangkok in 2003 as paper presenter. Although these events were in Asia, it was attended by participants from the Americas, Europe and of course, Asia.

I get a lot of cultural and intellectual stimulation from these events. It is truly a learning experience. While I learn about things around me, I reflect and discover more of myself, my Filipino heritage and the dynamism of the human spirit. And the thing is, as different as we are may be in race, religion and culture, there is just SOMETHING that binds us all together. I see this in the librarians of the world. I get to meet and talk to them. ( See, I can also practice my English). So far, my general impression of all school librarians are friendly and lovable people. All willing to share and help out.

When I sit in the concurrent sessions, I wish that my colleagues were with me. There is a big difference between listening to an echo and actually being HERE. There is so much to learn, relearn, unlearn and discover!

Here are snippets of insights I have gleaned so far. They are not summaries, but constructs of my own knowledge as I weave my way through the conference.

Stephen Heppel's Keynote
* Libraries provide a learning environment filed with resources, learning materials and facilities. However, the challenge is for librarians to give learners the opportunity to make the experience interactive and meaningful.

* The design of a learning space contributes to the kind of learning environment it promotes.

CS 1 - Teacher Librarians as Connectors of Knowledge
* Teacher Librarians are capable of identifying teachers' knowledge be it created or acquired. This must be shared and articulated thereby, creating a culture of knowledge in the school community.

CS 2 - Scaffolding and Online Technology
* Scaffolding techniques help learners understand their learning. Through Action Learning, learners are in control of their constructs of knowledge.

* Elearning is anchored on good teaching and learning pedagogy. How do we, in Xavier School translate this? As a school librarian, how can I promote elearning that is grounded on effective teaching practices and productive pedagogy?

CS 3 - Leading Elearning to Critical Thinking
* For a viable use of technology in instruction, a concerted effort between librarians, school administrators, ICT people must first take place. Shared understanding is important to make elearning a success.

* Improve on the evaluation of elearning projects and initiatives.

CS 4 - Leveraging KM for Librarians
* Blogs were mentioned as enablers. There were still plenty to consider, but as far as my experience is concerned, I will focus on blogging to build an information literate commnity, likewise, one that can create and communicate knowledge.

Whew! That is all for today. I had an excellent morning sitting in at Diane McKenzie's workshop and Ross Todd's research presentation.

More tomorrow!

Saturday, July 9, 2005

Blogging in HKU

I'm in the Main Library of Hong Kong University right now, typing this blog entry as I wait for 2.30 pm. Concurrent sessions begin at exactly the time allotted for so, I'm taking this opportunity to blog since I haven't updated my blogs for three days.

The IASL Conference boast of an impressive program, as well as paper presenters. Three professional papers from the Philippines made it to the prestigious line up. It's still really too early to talk about them and the insights I gained from the morning session. Rest assured that I will. :-) Soon.

Right now, I'm enjoying the environment of Hong Kong University. It so reminds me of Baguio. It's raining hard and it's giving off a romantic appeal - a campus built on top of the mountain, trees, ponds and gardens abound, a Pinay scholar attending her first international conference.

I miss home.

Wednesday, July 6, 2005

July Going Ons

How is your calendar? Come on, fill 'em up!


Enjoy the magic of storytelling and children’s books at the Philippine Board on Books for Young People (PBBY) Chamber Storytelling Festival at the CCP Little Theatre on July 20, 2005 at 2pm. Watch as young storytellers from Yale Children’s School, St. Scholastica’s Manila and Colegio de San Agustin breathe life into our favorite children’s books. For more inquiries, please call the PBBY Secretariat at 372-3548 local 105.

The Children's Library
5th Annual-Librarian Seminar/Workshop
"New Trends in School Libraries"

Workshop Schedule
Date: July 21, 2005
Venue: Holiday Inn Galleria ADB. Ortigas Cener, Pasig

SESSION I: Importance of School Libraries
Welcome Remarks
Video Presentation
Introduction to the Children's Library
Lecture I: Building and Maintaining Libraries
Lecture II: So what if we don't have cash?
Intermission: Fun Stuff Activities
Awarding of Certificates

SESSION II: New Trends in School Libraries
Welcome Remarks
Video Presentation
Introduction to the Children's Library
Lecture I: New Techniques in getting kids to
visit your library
Lecture II: Storytelling for the Librarian
Intermission: Fun Stuff Activities
Awarding of Certificates
End of Seminar/Workshop

Participants: Public Elem. Schools Only
Morning session - District
Afternoon session - Teacher-Librarian

Seminar Fees
Free seminar/workshop through the generous support of
the Gokongwei Brothers Foundation, Holiday Inn
Galleria and other sponsors. Lunch will not be

Registration Procedure
The Children's Library will accept registration
starting June 15. First come, first served basis.
Books will be given to the first 10 schools to

Tuesday, July 5, 2005

Books For Boys (?) Part 1

They say, never to judge a book by it's cover. I say, it's in the cover (and the title)that readers pick a book.

Now here is a little game to play. Write a short description of what the book is all about based on it's cover. No cheating. Coffee is on me if you get it all correct!

1. winter

2. spiderwick

3. poetry

4. journey

5. hobbit

6. guests

7. boy

What we hope to acquire this school year:

1. myths

2. phantom
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