Below is a recommended Ignatian Pedagogical Paradigm (IPP) lesson plan for the teaching of Information Literacy Skills. The topics are reference resources and the Big 6 Model in Research. The skills covered are research and work-study skills. Take note that the content and skills are integrated in the Reading Program. The context for this IPP lesson plan are grade 6 students.
o Prelection – Quote by Henry Miller ☺
• Since the words encyclopedia and dictionary were given by the students already, teacher-librarian can move to discussion.
o Learning Experience – Present the words: REFERENCE and DICTIONARY
• Questions to ask:
What kinds of books are these?
Where can we find these books in the GS LRC?
How do we call these books?
What makes these books different from non-fiction books?
How are information arranged in an encyclopedia/dictionary?
Are these two reference books the same?
What info does the reference/dictionary provide you?
When do you use an encyclopedia/dictionary?
Can you think of other references?
How can reference sources help you in your studies/academic work?
• Research – Big 6 Model
Present the Big 6 Model – a graphic organizer can help. Use www.big6.com/kids/
In the website, there are three ways to introduce and teach the Big 6. Use the second one, for gr. 3-6.
After presenting the six steps, provide the students an oral drill that shows how the Big 6 can be used.
For example – Your Reading Teacher asked you to research on the parts of a newspaper.
• Step 1 – What should you do?
• Step 2 – What resources can you use to find info on parts of the newspaper?
• Step 3 – Where can you find these resources?
• Step 4 – What information can you use from the resources you identified?
• Step 5 – What can you make to finish the job?
• Step 6 – How will I know that I did my job
The oral drill will help scaffold the skills and concepts on research following the Big 6 Model. It will likewise, provide the boys a working schema on how to do research on their own. In essence, they are actually planning and envisioning what they need to do to finish a simple homework or assignment. This is a strategy in study skills and metacognition. Study skills and metacognition are two important skills taught in the Reading subject. Such skills also aid them in understanding and studying other content areas. Therefore, the Big 6 can be used in other subjects like Science, Social Studies, CLE, even Math.
Since it is a Reading class, a written drill must be given to students.
Written Exercise – Big 6 Worksheet. This can be done through group work.
Group students and distribute the worksheet. Example of Worksheet-
Task – Your Reading Teacher assigned your group to report on the notable accomplishments of Albert Einstein. How do you plan to complete this following the Big 6 Model?
Step 1 – Task Definition
Step 2 – Info Seeking Strategies
Step 3 – Location & Access
Step 4 – Use of Information
Step 5 - Synthesis
Step 6 - Evaluation
After filling up worksheet, do the steps and get ready for a report next meeting. Do not forget to give the references that you used.
Day 2 – Review of the Big 6 Model – Use website again for this exercise
o Ask which group is ready for reporting. Limit the reporting to 3-5 mins.
o Reflection – The Bright Bird Story - http://home.iprimus.com.au/brianga/bribird.htm
• How did the Bright Bird used the Big 6 Model?
• Why is it important to follow steps in research and solving a problem?
• What is the advantage of following steps in research and solving problems?
• What difficulty can you encounter when following steps in research?
• How can you find ways to make the difficulty easier to bear?
The answers can be written down in their Reading notebooks
o Action – Application of Big 6 in Reading subject and other content areas. At this point, it is important to articulate the whole plan/methodology to the Reading teacher so that, the instruction of the ILSP becomes a collaborative endeavor indeed.
o Evaluation – Quizzes, included in the QT or Long Test